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Several department heads at AU deny that gender plays a role when they assess applicants for associate professor and professor positions. But according to PhD Mathias Wullum Nielsen, some structural mechanisms exist which may contribute to forcing women out of the university.

2015.02.02 | Christian Garde Petersen

[Translate to English:] Foto: Lise Balsby. Grafik Astrid Reitzel

Anonymous department head

"That is not something you look at WHATSOEVER… not in any way, whether it’s a man or a woman, when you begin selection. It has nothing to do with that. There you only look at qualifications, and I would venture to say, though it’s obvious enough, that women sometimes have some different conditions than we have as men in terms of career paths ... that’s just the way it is ... or you could do something about that. We can work on this … or it ... if that’s what you mean. No one looks at whether it’s a man or a woman. You don’t think ‘We would rather have a man' or 'We would rather have a woman’, it’s never like that."

If the management at AU want to rectify the skewed gender balance among the academic staff, the current approach to gender equality needs to change, says PhD at the Department of Political Science and Government, Mathias Wullum Nielsen. Together with a team of research colleagues he is behind the as yet unpublished report Equal opportunities at Aarhus University: Status and Challenges.  

"Instead of talking about actual gender discrimination like they do in Norway and Sweden, here in Denmark we focus on preferences and choice," he says.

This removes focus from the underlying structures and risks making women victims of rigid notions on gender.

In the report a number of anonymous department heads describe the research world as harsh, individualist and characterised by competition and machismo. In contrast to this, the heads characterise women as less confident, less competitive strategists and with a greater need for job security.

"There are some general ideas about men and women that shine through the statements made by the department heads and which help to stigmatise women. They are also used to explain why they are not better represented among associate professors and professors at AU," says Mathias Wullum Nielsen.

Andel kvinder i videnskabelige stillinger på AU

Inclusive research environment

Making things worse is the fact that the gender stereotypes have a negative influence on how men assess women's performance, says Nielsen, who also does not ascribe to the idea that a competitive culture is specifically masculine.

"We also see many men who choose to leave the universities due to this culture," he says.  

The statements also represent an idea of the research environment being controlled by specific logics which cannot be altered, says Nielsen.  

This is also challenged by the authors of the report.

"We instead encourage a discussion of how management can make the research environment more inclusive and also that they consider whether a competitive, egoistic environment actually means more and better research," says Nielsen.  

Room for family

It is also crucial that the department heads focus less on the number of publications and more on research potential when recruiting talents to associate professor and professor positions. In this way, a desire to start a family will not destroy a career.   

"Specifically, if a young woman at PhD level become pregnant then that influences her research output. Here you must look at the long-term perspective and give the person the opportunity to develop their potential," says Nielsen.

As the report puts it, it is in general necessary to have a discussion about "… how research work can be made more flexible and family-friendly." This also applies in relation to the requirement for a study abroad period, which can be difficult to combine with having a partner and children.

The system needs fixing - not the women

The current situation means that the female researchers "… appear to be less satisfied with their future career opportunities at AU than their male colleagues. They feel less secure in their jobs and have given more thought to opting out of a AU research career." This is how the authors of the report interpret the most recent workplace assessment from 2012.

According to Mathias Wullum Nielsen it is difficult to interpret the influence of stigmatisation and practical conditions here. But if management reduces the issue of gender to a question of choosing or opting out of an academic career, then it will be difficult to change anything, he says.    

"You cannot separate choice from structures. It is therefore important to identify the challenges that women face to a greater degree than men at the university."

Translation by Peter Lambourne


New equal opportunities policy on the way

  • On Wednesday 4 February the rector will present a draft for a new equal opportunities policy at AU. The draft is based on the work of the Diversity Committee at AU which was established in 2012.
  • During the process the committee visited AU's different faculties to discuss equality and diversity.
  • The research project STAGES (Structural Transformation to Achieve Gender Equality in Science) has collaborated with other stakeholders such as the Committee for Research and External Cooperation to contribute input to the draft.
  • The new policy will replace AU's previous gender equality initiatives from 2009.

Source: The Diversity Committee


22 of the current 28 department heads at AU are men.


Facts

In general, women and men's academic performance is very equal. Twenty per cent of the male researchers and 19 per cent of the female researchers at AU had a principal or co-authorship among the top ten most cited articles in the world in 2009.

Source: Equal opportunities at Aarhus University: Status and Challenges


Facts

According to AU's Psychological Workplace Assessment (WPA) from 2012, male researchers across all levels of seniority spend more time on research than their female colleagues, who give a higher degree of priority to other activities.

Source: Equal opportunities at Aarhus University: Status and Challenges

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